How to Reduce Your Pet's Nausea
Nausea can occur in dogs and cats for many reasons, particularly when the digestive tract and nervous systems are out of balance. The following situations can cause nausea and vomiting in pets:
- Stress resulting from veterinary visits, car accidents, being left in a hot car
- Movement and travel in a car, plane, crate, or carrier
- Gastrointestinal parasites, viral or bacterial infections, and dietary indiscretion (swallowing garbage or foreign bodies).
- Disease of the liver, pancreas, kidneys, and stomach/intestines
- Heartworms (which can also cause coughing and exercise intolerance)
- Various toxins and poisons, if ingested
Symptoms of pet nausea include panting, drooling, trembling, swallowing, restlessness, lip licking, retching, vomiting, and anxiety. Behaviorally, nauseous pets may show signs of anxiety, stress, vocalization, nervousness, and/or hyperactivity.
When pets experience nausea and/or vomiting from any of the above causes, it is usually best to restrict your pet's food for 12 to 24 hours after the last episode of vomiting and depending on the specific cause of the vomiting. After enough time has passed, small amounts of water and then a bland diet can be reintroduced. Homemade hamburger and rice or chicken and rice are good initial choices upon reintroduction of solid food. Commercial veterinary diets are also effective when pets experience motion sickness. When traveling with pets, feeding your pet at least two hours before short trips is not recommended. It is best to restrict food for several hours before going on long trips.
Veterinarians often use several prescription medications to help pets with nausea and/or vomiting. Some recommended choices include Metoclopramide, Cerenia (for dogs), and Famotidine or Pepcid. Cerenia has the added benefit of helping dogs with nausea and vomiting from motion sickness. Natural homeopathic remedies that help with nausea and vomiting include Nux Vomica, arsenicum album, and pulsatilla. The herb slippery elm can soothe an inflamed digestive tract and probiotics may help restore normal digestive flora. Excellent products for this include Fast Balance-G.I. and NaturVet Digestive Enzymes Plus Probiotic. These can be used either short or long term. For motion sickness, the homeopathic remedy cocculus is excellent, as is the product Easy Travel Solution by Pet Alive. Be Serene is another excellent natural remedy made from various flower essences and can also help keep pets calm.
It often helps dogs and cats to remain in crates, carriers, or pet booster seats when traveling, which often help them feel more secure and help reduce unwanted motion sickness. When traveling in these devices, pets may be able to see out windows, and generally feel more safe when traveling in this manner.
When going on long trips, try to make several stops to help reduce your pet's stress and anxiety. Making regular stops allows pets to stretch their legs, eat and/or drink water, and go for walks outside to allow them to eliminate. During rest stops one can also offer cats use of a litter box.
If this is your pet's first time using a crate, keep the door open to allow your pet to sniff around and become comfortable with it.