Diabetes mellitus is an illness caused when sugar cannot enter the cells, which is needed to generate energy for the body. Without sugar, the cells are forced to use fat and muscle proteins. This use of fat releases ketones that can ultimately cause damage to cells in various organs.
Signs of Diabetes in Pets:
Increased appetite, weight loss and weakness, vomiting, lack of motivation to play, excessive water consumption, frequent urination, cataract development (dogs)
Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Differences:
- Type 1 (cats and dogs) requires daily insulin injections
- Type 2 (cats) can be controlled with oral medication, exercise and a healthy diet. Type 2 diabetes is commonly associated with obesity.