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Pilocarpine Ophthalmic 2% Solution

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Product Info
How to Use
Ingredients
Customer Reviews
Q&A
Product Info
What is Pilocarpine Solution?

Pilocarpine is a miotic agent (one that causes constriction of the pupil of the eye) used to treat canine primary glaucoma. It can also be used before or after eye surgery. Pilocarpine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution requires a prescription from your veterinarian.

For:

Dogs

Benefits:
  • Relieves pressure in your pet's eye
  • Dropper bottle for ease of administration
How it Works:

Pilocarpine reduces pressure in the eye by increasing the amount of fluid that can drain from the eye.

Cautions:

The dropper opening is sterile, so don't touch it to any surface, including eyes or hands. If it becomes contaminated, it may cause an infection in the eye.

Brand Name:

Isopto-Carpine (Alcon), Pilostat (Bausch and Lomb)

Generic Name:

Pilocarpine (pie-low-car-peen)

What should I discuss with my veterinarian before applying pilocarpine ophthalmic:

Tell your veterinarian if your pet has ever had any type of retinal disease, retinal tear, or, if the pet has had cataract surgery. These conditions may increase the risk of retinal detachment. Tell your veterinarian if your pet has had heart failure, high or low blood pressure, asthma, stomach ulcer, epilepsy, hyperthyroid, blockage of the urinary tract, or difficulty urinating. Tell your veterinarian if your pet is pregnant or lactating or if you plan on breeding your pet.

What is the most important information I should know about pilocarpine ophthalmic:

Do not touch the dropper opening to any surface, including eyes or hands. The dropper opening is sterile. If it becomes contaminated, it may cause an infection in the eye. Pilocarpine ophthalmic is available by prescription as a dropper bottle containing a 2% solution. The usual dose to treat primary glaucoma in dogs is 1 drop in the effected eye(s) 3 times a day. Pilocarpine ophthalmic may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this guide.

What happens if I miss giving a dose:

Apply the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for the next regularly scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and apply the next one as directed. Do not give a double dose of this medication.

What should I avoid while using pilocarpine ophthalmic:

Pilocarpine Ophthalmic may cause decreased vision in poor light. Do not touch the dropper tip to any surface, including your eyes and hands. The dropper tip is sterile. If it becomes contaminated, it could cause an infection in the pet's eye. Avoid other eye medications unless your veterinarian approves.

What are the possible side effects of pilocarpine ophthalmic:

Rarely, pilocarpine ophthalmic may cause retinal detachment. Retinal detachment can lead to blind spots, floaters in the visual field, and even blindness. Your veterinarian will want to check the pet's retina before use of this medication to determine if there is an increased risk of retinal detachment. If your pet experiences and of the following serious side effects, stop using this medication and seek emergency veterinary medical attention: an allergic reaction (difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, swelling of the lips, face or tongue, or hives), diarrhea, watering mouth, urinary incontinence, muscle weakness, difficulty breathing, or an irregular heartbeat. Other less serious side effects may be more likely to occur. Continue applying pilocarpine ophthalmic and talk to your veterinarian if your pet has; burning, stinging, red, or tearing eyes; eyelid muscle twitches. Side effects other than those listed may also occur. Talk to your veterinarian about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome to your pet.

What other drugs will affect pilocarpine ophthalmic:

Before using this medication, tell your veterinarian if your pet is using another eye medication, especially if it is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) such as flurbiprofen (Ocufen), diclofenac (Voltaren), or ketorolac (Acular). Drugs other that those listed in this guide may also interact with pilocarpine ophthalmic. Talk to your veterinarian and pharmacist before using any prescription or over the counter medicines.

How to Use
Directions:
  • Pilocarpine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution is a prescription miotic eye drop used in dogs to treat canine primary glaucoma.
  • Pilocarpine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution is not FDA approved for use in veterinary medicine; however, it is a commonly accepted practice for veterinarians to prescribe this product for dogs.
  • Pilocarpine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution reduces pressure by increasing the amount of fluid that can drain from the eye.
  • Pilocarpine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution causes the pupil to become smaller reducing the eyes' response to light or dark conditions.
  • Pilocarpine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution may also be used before or after surgery.
Tip:

Wash your hands before using the eye drops. Do not touch the dropper tip to any surface, including skin or eye. The dropper surface is sterile. If it becomes contaminated, it could cause an infection of the eye.

Dosage:
Dogs:
Weight
Dosage
All weights
The dose used to treat primary glaucoma in dogs is 1 drop in the effected eye(s) 3 times a day. Do not use the eye drop if it is discolored or has particles in it
Cats:
Do not use!
Horses:
Do not use!
Storage:

Store this product at room temperature, away from moisture and heat. Keep the bottle properly capped.

Ingredients
Pilocarpine Ophthalmic Solution:
Ingredients (per mL):
Amount
Pilocarpine Hydrochloride
20 mg
Benzalkonium Chloride (preservative)
0.01%
Other Ingredients: Monobasic Sodium Phosphate, Hypromellose, Edetate Disodium, Dibasic Sodium Phosphate, Purified Water. Sodium Hydroxide and/or Hydrochloric Acid may be added to adjust pH.
Customer Reviews
Q&A

Can i use pilocarpine for dry eye if dog has cataracts. Hes 16 years old. Side effects.(pilocarpine  2per cent ophthalmic  solution? Thanks

Asked by: Bridget
The Pilocarpine Ophthalmic 2% Solution is prescription required so it will be best for you to ask your vet if this will be beneficial to use for your 16 year old furry pal.
Answered by: Carolyn Petmed Pro
Date published: 2016-07-21

dog on oral pilocarpine for no tears

how long before you might see effect on dogs eyes
Asked by: alice
Hello, The effect of pilocarpine should be seen within 20-30 minutes after administration. Thanks!
Answered by: Rich - Student Pharmacist
Date published: 2012-08-11

how long will he need to have this medicine?

Asked by: lmm
On the basis that you are treating your pet for glaucoma, the odds are that your pet will be on these eye drops for the rest of his/her life.
Answered by: Gary, Dir. of Pharmacy Services
Date published: 2010-04-10

I read that Pilocarpine comes in 5mg tabs to be used 4 times daily. How does this compare to using 2% opthalmic solution 2 drops on food twice daily?

Are the tabs only recommended for humans?
Asked by: Tina
Pilocarpine eye drops are used in the treatment of glaucoma. Pilocarpine tablets is most often used in the treatment of Sjogren's syndrome where saliva is not produced.
Answered by: Gary, Dir, of Pharmacy Services
Date published: 2009-11-03

my dog has a lot eye bugers coming out of his left eye how can i cure this?

my dog has a lot of eye bugers coming out of his left eye how can i take care of this problem
Asked by: mack
That depends on what's causing them. Have your veterinarian look at your dog's eyes. It may be nothing or it could be the sign of allergy or infection.
Answered by: Gary, Dir, of Pharmacy Services
Date published: 2009-08-20

Can Pilocarpine be used as oral medicine for dogs?

My dog has dry eyes and I tried different medicines. Recently, the vet prescribed Pilocarpine to be mixed in his food 2 times a day. I am concern that this might make my dog feels even worst.
Asked by: Kawaii
Using pilocarpine eye drops by mouth is a treatment for "dry eyes". The medication may make your pet feel worse initially because the dose is usually increased up to the point that the dog develops symptoms such as drooling or diarrhea. The dose is then reduced to where the symptoms disappear.
Answered by: Gary, Dir, of Pharmacy Services
Date published: 2009-06-02
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