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Metronidazole


 
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  Product Info   How to use   Ingredients   Customer Reviews   Q & A  

What is Metronidazole?

Metronidazole is an antibiotic and antiprotozoal medication used to treat various conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, nonspecific diarrheal disorders, infections caused by Giardia (a cause of diarrhea), and periodontal disease. Metronidazole requires a prescription from your veterinarian, and is sold by the tablet.
Metronidazole for Dogs and Cats
For: Cats and Dogs
 
Benefits:
Treats a wide array of ailments
An antibiotic that effectively treats inflammatory bowel disease
Remedies certain diarrheal disorders
Treats infections caused by Giardia (intestinal parasite)
Also treats periodontal disease

How it works:
Metronidazole is especially effective against anaerobic infections - bacteria that can live without oxygen. It's able to penetrate bone, making it especially useful in oral/dental infections. In addition, it has anti-inflammatory properties in the large intestine and is an effective anti-diarrhea medication for certain diseases.

Cautions:
Antibiotic medications can cause diarrhea, which may be the sign of a new infection. If your pet has diarrhea that is watery or has blood in it, contact your veterinarian. Do not use any medication to stop the diarrhea unless instructed by your veterinarian.


More Information:
 
Brand Name
Flagyl (Searle)
Generic Name
Metronidazole

What is the most important information I should know about Metronidazole: Metronidazole is not FDA-approved for use in veterinary medicine; however, it is a commonly accepted practice for veterinarians to use this medication in dogs and cats. The usual dose of metronidazole in dogs is 3mg to 23mg per pound one to four times a day. The usual dose in cats is 5mg to 23mg per pound one or two times a day. The actual dose and duration of treatment depends on the specific condition being treated. Metronidazole should be given to your pet for the entire length of time prescribed by your veterinarian.

What is Metronidazole: Metronidazole is an antibiotic used to treat numerous ailments, including Giardia infections, inflammatory bowel disease, and infections in the mouth. Metronidazole may be used for other purposes than those listed in this guide.

What should I discuss with my veterinarian before giving Metronidazole to my pet: Do not give this medication if your pet is allergic to metronidazole, or if your pet is pregnant. Tell your veterinarian if your pet is allergic to any medications, or if your pet has any of the following: liver disease; anemia; epilepsy; or nerve disorders. Tell your veterinarian if your pet is pregnant or lactating, or if you plan to breed your pet.

How should this medication be given: Give metronidazole exactly as it is prescribed by your veterinarian. Do not give in larger amounts or use it for longer than recommended by your veterinarian. Follow the instructions on the prescription label. If you do not understand these directions speak to your pharmacist or veterinarian. Your veterinarian may want to perform blood tests on a regular basis to make sure the medication is not causing harmful effects. Store metronidazole at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

What happens if I miss giving a dose: Give the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for the next regularly scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and give the next one as directed. Do not give a double dose of the medication.

What happens if I overdose the pet: Seek emergency veterinary medical attention if you think you have given your pet too much of this medication. Symptoms of overdose may include nausea, vomiting, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination, or seizures.

What should I avoid while giving Metronidazole: Antibiotic medications can cause diarrhea, which may be the sign of a new infection. If your pet has diarrhea that is watery or has blood in it, call your veterinarian. Do not use any medication to stop the diarrhea unless your veterinarian tells you to do so.

What are the possible side effects of Metronidazole: Seek emergency veterinary medical attention if your pet experiences any signs of an allergic reaction (hives; difficulty breathing; or swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat). Call your veterinarian at once if any of the following serious side effects occur: seizures; fever; chills; sores inside the mouth or on the lips; or watery or bloody diarrhea. Keep giving metronidazole and talk to your veterinarian if your pet develops any of these less serious side effects: nausea; diarrhea; dizziness; loss of balance; dry mouth; cough; sneezing; runny nose; or swollen tongue. Talk to your veterinarian about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome to your pet.

What other medications will affect Metronidazole: Tell your veterinarian if your pet is using any of the following medications: cimetidine (Tagamet), phenytoin (Dilantin), Phenobarbital, or warfarin (Coumadin). There may be other drugs not listed that can affect metronidazole. Tell your veterinarian about all prescription and non-prescription (OTC) medications, including vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other veterinarians. Do not start using a new medication without telling your veterinarian.

Where can I get more information: Your pharmacist has information about metronidazole written for health professionals that you may read.

 

Call your veterinarian for medical advice about any side effects to your pet. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Directions:
Metronidazole is a prescription antibiotic used in dogs and cats to treat various conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, nonspecific diarrhea disorders, infections caused by Giardia, and periodontal disease.
Metronidazole is not FDA-approved for use in veterinary medicine; however, it is a commonly accepted practice for veterinarians to prescribe this medication for dogs and cats.
The actual dose and duration of treatment with metronidazole depends on the specific condition being treated.
Tip: Metronidazole should be given to your pet for the entire length of time prescribed by your veterinarian. Do not give in larger amounts or use it for longer than recommended by your veterinarian.
Dosage:
Pet Weight Dosage
Dogs: All weights The usual dose is 3mg-23mg/pound of your pet’s body weight, by mouth, 1 to 4 times a day
Cats: All weights The usual dose 5mg-23mg/pound of your pet’s body weight, by mouth, 1 to 2 times a day
Horses:
Storage: Store metronidazole at room temperature, away from moisture and heat.
Metronidazole 250mg:
Ingredients Strength
Metronidazole 250 mg

Metronidazole 500mg:
Ingredients Strength
Metronidazole 500 mg

Metronidazole 4.6 5 37 37
Loki was adopted when she was 5 years old. Her bowel issues were what I thought was normal for her. Two months ago I was at a point where I considered putting her down because of control problems. My vet recommended this medication and she is on a maintenance dose that has made an incredible difference! Will I continue with Metronidazole for her? Absolutely!!!! 02/21/2014
Works Well! I have given this product to my 1/2 Jack Russell Terrier 1/2 Fox Terrier dog Fred for 7 years now, and he does well on it. He also does well on the Stella's Raw diet using chicken -- since we've been feeding him that he has no tummy problems since. 04/08/2013
the medication very helpfull my mei mei she take metronidazode 250 mg she is very happy. had that madication we want to thx to all u guy ,have A happy new year 2013 take care 12/30/2012
Precious The 3lb Yorkie is better! My little Precious was very sick with vomiting blood and diareah with blood in it for about a week and I was at home with a broken arm and could not work, so I could not afford to take her to the vet. Then I realized I can get the medicine from 1-800-PeMeds without having to go to the vet since she had the same thing back awhile, so I was able to get this medicine called Metronidazole and she is much better now thanks to 1800PetMeds they saved her life! 11/01/2012
Time Saver My almost 12 year old golden retriever mix is greatly improved. Was shooting out rectal blood, ran to ER gave him IV overnight and put him on this pill form. Bleeding stopped right away. When dosage was over, started back up within 36 hours, 3 different times. He takes 500 mg twice day, rice and Vet dry dog food for gastrointestinal issues, plus cooked ground turkey or beef mixed in. We did X rays & sonogram showed as great as his outsides were, he was full of tumors. We are maintaining him & loving him, he eats well and no blood. Every day is one more with our beloved pet and family member. 10/01/2012
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112 Questions · 136 Answers

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3 weeks, 1 day ago
by
chowmix
chicago
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Answer: 
it can be used for your pet as long as a licensed veterinarian has determined it to be the best
choice to treat him
3 weeks ago
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Linda M 1800petmeds pharmacist
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2 months ago
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Anonymous
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Answer: 
Constipation is not a common side effect of this medication, you may need to talk to your veterinarian about possible causes of the constipation.
1 month, 2 weeks ago
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Pharmacist
Pompano beach
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2 months, 1 week ago
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Anonymous
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Answer: 
No you cannot give 'TUMS' to dogs...can make them quite ill....ask your vet...there are over the counter safe gas products for animals....make sure to specify if you will use the product on a cat or dog.....makes a BIG difference...both animals have toxicities to different things. Our vet okayed the following product to be used for gass relief...Phazyme...these are softgells of 125mg...the dosage we needed was 12lbs at 80mg....so what I did was I pierced 1 softgel...almost squirted out 1/2 out...and gave my dog 1 pill....I always sided on a little less of the pill then more...so 1/2 squirted out was fine with me. Please check with your vet....there ARE over the counter medicines for animals...but please do not assume all medicines for humans can be used for animals...in fact most human meds can kill an animal or cause irreversible liver or kidney damage
1 month ago
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irena
Canada, ontario
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Answer: 
You need to consult your veterinarian.
1 month, 2 weeks ago
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Pharmacist
Pompano beach
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Answer from staff regarding cutting pills: Unfortunately you can't do this. You need to have your medication prepared by a pharmacy that specializes in compounding. I'm sure you have one in your home town. If not I will happily recommend some to you.

Question: what the heck is compounding? I need to know same because 250 mg for my Chihuahua is too strong, too much. Miami, Florida.
2 months, 1 week ago
by
daca
Miami, FL
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Answer: 
I answered your question on compunding...I forgot to mention that you still need to go to your vet...the vet writes the prescription for you, and you then take it to a compounding pharmacy. My long response made it sound like I went on line...googled the dosage of 3mg-23mg per pound in the dosage for metronidazole...I googled the dosage to see if my vet was giving my dog the higher scale dose or at the lower dose scale. My 7 pound chi is below his max. dose of 160mg max per day....he is presently getting 1ml 2x per day...with the medicine compounded at 50mg/ml in a 100ml liquid bottle. Again you must get a prescription from your vet first.
1 month ago
by
irena
Canada, ontario
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Answer: 
I have 2 chi's and the dosage for metronidazole is too large...a vet can cut the 250 mg or 500mg tablets...but they are quite bitter and irregular pieces when cut...I take my vets prespcription to a compounding pharmacy...this is a pharmacy that will make the medicine for your dog according to the dosage specified by your vet...most medicines are compounded into a small capsule or liquid form. I buy the non-flavoured form (it is slightly sweet, this must be done to mask the TERRIBLE taste of this medicine)..Do your research on line: I googled the dosage for a dog....online it states that the normal dose for a dog is 3mg-23mg per pound...my chi is 7 pounds..his dosage is 1ml 2 x per day...and the medicine has been compounded at 50mg/ml....so my do gets a total of 100mg per day which is below his max. amount of (7pounds x 23 mg = 160mg)...try to give medicine at the lower values....too much of this medicine can affect appetite, actually cause more runny stools, liver functions, neurological functions....so far my dog who has IBS and possibly ulcerative colitis has been doing really well now for 3 yrs no symptoms. Most pharmacies will compound if you ask them...I went to a special pharmacy that stated specifically it does compound the medicine (make it especially for you in preset amounts)....I then went through my yellow pages and noticed alot of pharmacies will do this even though they may not advertise it...call and ask them. The reason that I chose to compoun my dogs medicine is that our vet only had the 500mg tablet...initially I got this...the vet would divide the pill with a pill divider...I got lots of small pieces...the size of ...think of an adult aspirin cut up into four pieces...my dog would run...putting the pill in his mouth was a feat...even hiding it in meat, peanut butter...did not work...the stuff is SOOOO bitter it is shocking..I washed my hands and the bitter stuff was still on my fingers when I ate my tangerine...so I chose to compound my dog's medicine...he is part of the family....the liquid is very very easy to squirt with a mini syringe into his mouth. I will say that most people do not compound because it does cost more....his medicine comes in 100ml and lasts me for about 2-3 mths....at a cost of 97.00...to me this is peanuts so cost is not a factor for me...I would pay 5x the price if I needed to. Hope I answered your question....good luck :-)
1 month ago
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irena
Canada, ontario
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Answer: 
A compounding pharmacy will make the medication in the exact dose and dosage form that you need for your pet.
2 months ago
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Pharmacist
Pompano beach
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4 months, 4 weeks ago
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dan
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Answer: 
Flagyl (Metronidazole) is a prescription antibiotic/antiprotazoal tablet used to treat various condtions such as, inflammatory bowel disease, nonspecific diarrheal disorders, infections related to Giardia (a diarrhea-causing protazoa), and periodontal (gum) disease. Your pet's veterinarian may prescribe this medications for other conditions not listed here. Discuss all health concerns with your pet's veterinarian.
4 months, 3 weeks ago
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Phamacist Intern
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This information sheet is for educational purposes only and is intended to be a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise and professional judgment of your veterinarian. The information is NOT to be used for diagnosis or treatment of your pet. You should always consult your own veterinarian for specific advice concerning the treatment of your pet. The information is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, allergic reactions, drug interactions or adverse effects, nor should it be construed to indicate that use of a particular drug is safe, appropriate or effective for your pet. It is not a substitute for a veterinary exam, and it does not replace the need for services provided by your veterinarian.
Note: Any trademarks are the property of their respective companies.
 
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