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Fleas and Ticks
5 Pet Health Problems Fleas Can Cause Benefits of Flea & Tick Preventatives for Pets Benefits of Flea Pills, Oral Chewables, and Tablets Can Pets Get Fleas During Cold Weather? Control Your Pet's Itching and Allergies from Fleas Ehrlichia in Dogs: Symptoms and Treatment Establish Effective Pet Flea Prevention Flea & Tick Control: Frontline Plus or NexGard? Flea and Tick: FAQs About Fleas Flea and Tick: FAQs About Flea Treatments Flea and Tick: FAQs About Ticks How to Apply Flea and Tick Medication How to Fog Your Home to Remove Fleas How to Get Rid of Fleas in Your Home How to Get Rid of Fleas on Ferrets How to Get Rid of Fleas on Kittens How to Get Rid of Fleas on Puppies How to Kill Fleas in Your Yard How to Kill Fleas on Your Puppy How to Prevent Fleas on Your Cat How to Prevent Fleas on Your Dog How to Spray Your Yard for Fleas How to Use a Flea Comb How to Use a Flea Spray on Pets How to Use Flea Prevention Effectively Indoor Flea Control Killing Flea Eggs with Insect Growth Regulators Outdoor Flea Control Relieve Your Cat's Flea Itching Relieve Your Dog's Flea Itching Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever in Pets Steps To Tackle a Pet Flea Infestation Tick Paralysis in Dogs Top 4 Flea Myths Every Pet Owner Should Know What Flea Treatment Is the Best for My Cat? What Flea Treatment Is the Best for My Dog? When Flea Preventatives Fail Which Is the Best Flea Prevention for Your Pet? Why Does My Pet Need Flea & Tick Prevention? Why Has My Pet's Flea Medicine Stopped Working?

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Ehrlichia in Dogs: Symptoms and Treatment

What is Ehrlichia?

While most people are most concerned about the tick transmitted Lyme disease, there is another disease transmitted by certain species of ticks known as Ehrlichia. Signs of Ehrlichia in dogs can occur 1-3 weeks after the bite of an infected tick, and in the acute phase of the disease, symptoms may last up to a few weeks.

The organism likes to live inside blood cells and can destroy the platelets involved with blood clotting. Organisms can also be found inside lymph nodes, the bone marrow, liver and spleen.

Symptoms of Ehrlichia in dogs

During the acute phase can vary from joint pain and stiffness, fever, lethargy, bruising and anemia. Many dogs can overcome the infection on their own, but others may enter a subclinical or chronic phase of infection, which can be much more difficult to clear and/or treat. In some cases, chronic neurological symptoms can occur as well as inflammation of the eyes. Some dogs can have repeated bouts of illness, especially during periods of stress.

Diagnosis of Ehrlichia is typically based on blood tests often run at the veterinary office, in conjunction with clinical signs being present of illness. It is important to recognize that many dogs with Ehrlichia can test positive but have no clinical signs, and in those cases treatment is not always needed.

Canine Ehrlichia treatment

Treatment for dogs with Ehrlichia is typically instituted with a 3 to 4 week course of either Tetracycline or Doxycycline, and most animals improve within several days of instituting therapy.

The best advice that can be given to prevent this disease is to practice tick prevention including the use of products such as NexGard, K9 Advantix II, and Frontline Plus. Collars specifically formulated to protect against ticks, such as Seresto may also be used. Although humans can also occasionally come down with Ehrlichiosis, it is only through tick bites, and not from dogs.

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