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Ask the Vet About Bladder Stones in Dogs and Cats

Bladder Stones in Dogs & Cats
Symptoms & Diagnosis
Treatment
Ask the Vet
Ask the Vet About What Causes Bladder Stones in Dogs and Cats?
MichaelDym, V.M.D.
Michael Dym, V.M.D.
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine

As a practicing veterinarian, Dr. Dym has over 19 years of experience and dedication to enhancing the overall health and well-being of pets. His commitment and passion for pet health continuously drives him to learn more about the art and science of homeopathy through ongoing training and education.

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Showing 1 - 15 of 43
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Showing 1 - 15 of 43
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Date: Jan 17, 2020
Category: Bladder Stones
Pet Type: Cat
Topic: Cat with FLUTD on plane?

Question:I moved across country last August, and left my cat in the care of my boyfriend (who knows him well and also has cared for him.) The plan was for me to bring my cat out later, or when my boyfriend moves out here next Summer. Unfortunately, my cat had an incident of blocked urinary tract, and thousands of dollars later, he came home with new diet instructions/environment etc. My question is, can a cat with FLUTD handle being on a plane? Would there be any other risk factors (besides some stress) associated with this? I understand stress is important to consider, however, the other option will be having to give him away. And I believe THAT would be much more stressful. What are the considerations of taking a cat like him on a plane? Thank you

Answer:If he is well-controlled now (no crystals in his urine and pH is good on his rechecks) he should be able to handle one quick flight.

Date: Nov 8, 2019
Category: Bladder Stones
Pet Type: Dog
Topic: Frequent Urination

Question:My 10 month old dog got an infected uterus removed 10 days ago. She seems to be healing great, eating, playing, pooping normally. Tons of energy and affection. The only thing Im worried about is she is squatting way more often to pee while outside. I am bringing a sample of her urine to the vet tomorrow. Could this be something serious?

Answer:As long as she is able to urinate, it is probably just post-op swelling and/or a urinary tract infection, so definitely have them analyze her urine.

Date: Jul 25, 2019
Category: Bladder Stones
Pet Type: Dog
Topic: Peeing bleeding

Question:My dog is bleeding a lot when peeing what can I do?

Answer:We call this hematuria and there are many underlying causes: urinary tract infection, bladder stones, cancer, clotting abnormalities, etc etc. All of these are treated very differently so see your veterinarian for a diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Keep him/her from urinating a couple hours before the appointment so they can collect a urine sample.

Date: Jul 23, 2019
Category: Bladder Stones
Pet Type: Cat
Topic: buprenorphine

Question:I gave my cat buprenorphine a few hours ago because he just got discharged today from his surgery. And his eye has been twitching since I gave him the medicine. Im just wondering if thats a bad thing.

Answer:It's probably from the medication, but since it's impossible for me to say without seeing him, it is ideal for your veterinarian to recheck him if it continues or worsens.

Date: Apr 5, 2019
Category: Bladder Stones
Pet Type: Dog
Topic: Pet food

Question:What is the best type of food to prevent my Maltese from getting bladder stones? Someone told me NOT to feed her grain free. I have no problem cooking her food at home but am not sure if she should have carrots peas and broccoli etc in her food. Im confused.

Answer:It depends entirely on the type of stone she has (struvite vs calcium oxalate vs some other kind) as to what food she needs. Historically the prescription foods like Royal Canin S/O have worked the best - it requires a prescription from your veterinarian.

Date: Mar 30, 2019
Category: Bladder Stones
Pet Type: Dog
Topic: Put to sleep from peeing

Question:I have a 9yr old chihuahua that has bladder stones and is on a prescription c/d diet; he is also due to have 9 teeth removed. Sence the meds he has started peeing every wear and wont stop. Is it worthit for me to put out all of this money at his age if he is going to start peeing everywear but outside

Answer:9 isn't super old for his breed, so yes, probably. If he wasn't "peeing everywhere" before the bladder stones, when they are gone, he will more than likely stop peeing everywhere.

Date: Mar 18, 2019
Category: Bladder Stones
Pet Type: Dog
Topic: Germanshepherd

Question:I took my dog to the vet he peed blood, blood drips from his penis, the vet said neuter him. After surgery he couldnt walk, crying in PN! We took him back to the vet. He put Tiger on; Gabapentin Nerve PN Tramadol for PN Methcarbanol muscle Prednisone Steroid Today he calls and said his is came back bad, and he has crystals in his UA. He told us to stop tap water and to buy bottled water. My friend who is an RN said run and leave that vet, get a second opinion. I like my friends Vet very much! Thank you Dr. For your time! Jeanette

Answer:I can't really tell what is going on with your dog. Did they take radiographs (x-rays) looking for bladder stones? They would also be able to see an enlarged prostate on an x-ray. Did they recommend prescription food for the crystals?

Date: Jan 30, 2019
Category: Bladder Stones
Pet Type: Dog
Topic: Struvite Crystals

Question:I am transitioning my dog to Purina Proplan Urinary UR OX/ST for struvite crystals. What kind of treats do you recommend?

Answer:It depends on the exact type of stone your dog has/had, what pH you are trying to get his/her urine to get to, etc. so ask your veterinarian who knows all of that information. Stone recurrence is such a problem in some animals, taking the canned food version of that Purina Proplan Urinary UR and baking little dollops of it in the oven to make treats might be the safest option.

Date: Jan 15, 2019
Category: Bladder Stones
Pet Type: Dog
Topic: Bladder Stones

Question:Can bladder stones be caused by not changing water frequently enough?

Answer:Not really by itself, but stones do form more readily in dehydrated dogs so if not changing the water makes her not drink to the point where she gets dehydrated, it may have contributed.

Date: Jan 2, 2019
Category: Bladder Stones
Pet Type: Dog
Topic: Using the bathroom allot

Question:My dog all of sudden has to use the bathroom allot what does that mean and she having accidents in the house

Answer:"Using the bathroom" a lot can be poop or pee - I'm going to assume that you mean pee because you categorized this question under bladder stones. It could mean many things, both urinary (infection, crystals, stones, cancer) and metabolic (diabetes, kidney disease, Cushings disease, etc) so have your veterinarian check out, make a diagnosis and get her properly treated - all of these conditions are treated entirely differently. Keep her from urinating before her appointment so they can get a urine sample.

Date: Nov 16, 2018
Category: Bladder Stones
Pet Type: Dog
Topic: urination

Question:my little Pomeranian had bladder stones removed 3 weeks ago she is doing fine she eats good / she runs around fine only problem is she pees everywhere now can not hold bladder.WHAT TO DO WITH HER we thought it was pain pills but she does not take anymore just can not hold bladder any advice thanks VICKIE

Answer:It might be the food she is eating - the prescription diets are made to make them drink and urinate more to keep them from getting more stones. It affects some dogs more then others but most adjust to it after about a month, so try to keep her on it. If it continues, or if she is not on a special diet, see your veterinarian as she may have a problem, like a bladder infection, which is common in dogs with bladder stones.

Date: Oct 30, 2018
Category: Bladder Stones
Pet Type: Dog
Topic: My dog had blood in urine

Question:What can i buy to help my dog pass calcium crystals in bladder? Food change or supplement?

Answer:If you mean calcium oxalate cystals, this is the best treatment - it is a prescription diet: https://www.royalcanin.com/products/royal-canin-veterinary-diet-canine-urinary-so-canned-dog-food-13.6-oz-loaf-in-gel-24-cans-case-/60401

Date: Oct 16, 2018
Category: Bladder Stones
Pet Type: Dog
Topic: UNCONTROLLABLE URINATING

Question:18 WEEK OLD GERMAN SHEPARD THAT HAS NO BLADDER CONTROL 24-7

Answer:Have your veterinarian check her out when you can - it can be something as simple and easy to treat as a bladder infection, but there are other possibilities that are more rare and possibility more serious. Keep her from urinating a few hours before you take her in so they can get a urine sample from her.

Date: Jul 11, 2018
Category: Bladder Stones
Pet Type: Dog
Topic: diet

Question:Mitzi is a 10 year old female Yorkie we adopted from Maryland two years ago. She had a history fo surgery for bladder stones, but her diet was very questionable. We had x rays taken which showed the stones were coming back. Our local vet put her on a strict diet of Hills c/d canned food, distilled water and no treats except small chopped up baby carrots. She appears to be in fine shape. We have cut her down from 13 lb. to just over 7 lb, and she stayed that way for the past few months. Are we doing things correctly or do we need to do something else?

Answer:All of that sounds good. There are many types of bladder stones, but struvite and calcium oxalate are the 2 most common. Hill's C/D is great for struvite but not calcium oxalate as much as other foods, so I'm assuming she was diagnosed with struvite stones. If that is the case, monitor her closely for urinary tract infections - like swing urine by your veterinarian every few months even if she doesn't go in and have them screen it for a UTI. They can also check the pH to be sure it is good for not building up stones and look for crystals (little tiny precursors for stones). (I'm kind of assuming the stones were removed surgically, which is ideal.)

Date: Jun 13, 2018
Category: Bladder Stones
Pet Type: Dog
Topic: Surgery

Question:My dog has a bladder stone and was recommended a cystotomy. Do you think it will be okay if I neuter and clean his teeth while undergoing the cystotomy? The anesthesia really worries me. He's a 4/5 year old chihuahua mix and weights 10 lbs. Thank you in advance for your time and response.

Answer:I personally thin neutering/dental at time of stone removal is a bit much on a dog. Have you considered dissolving stone with diet? Vets do have prescription diets like S/O and S/D which often can help dissolve certain types of stones over a few weeks. I am also not fan of neutering, if he is not around intact female dogs, as I truly feel there are more down sides in the long road on health to the process. See the article on line by Laura Sanborn on neutering/spaying(you can google) to become more informed. If you proceed with surgery, simply have stone surgery done and dental if teeth very bad, however skip the neuter


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