Causes of Kennel Cough in Dogs and Cats
While Bordatella is the most common cause of kennel cough complex in dogs and cats, other bacteria and viruses including parainfluenza virus, adenovirus, reovirus, mycoplasma, and even distemper virus may all be involved in symptoms in a particular pet. Crowding and stress play the biggest role in whether the disease will develop in one or more pets.
Pets are Most at Risk for Kennel Cough
Any sex, age, or breed of dog or cat can develop kennel cough under the right circumstances. Younger puppies and kittens, particularly those recently kept at pet stores or recently sold, seem to be more susceptible. While any breed may develop kennel cough, breeds known as brachycephalic (flat-nosed) breeds, such as Pugs, Bulldogs, Boxers, and Shih Tzus, also may be at increased risk due to the anatomy of their respiratory airways.