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Dog Coat Hair/Fur Characteristics and Shedding

  
 

Dog Coats: Amount of Hair, Coat Texture and Coat Length


Dog breed coats vary markedly. For example, there are hairless dogs, dogs with double coats–having both a primary or outer coat and an undercoat–and dogs with a primary coat but no undercoat. There are dogs with different coat textures, from wavy or curly, to straight, to wiry, harsh or hard. There are also coats of different lengths, from short to long.

Naturally, the hairless dogs shed the least. These dogs still need attention for their skin, which can sunburn easily. They are also easily chilled. Dog breeds with only a primary outer coat appear to shed less than dogs with both primary and undercoats. Dogs with wiry or wavy coats appear not to shed because their hairs are trapped in the coat and don't fall to the floor. Dogs with short hair appear to shed less than dogs with long hair because they have much more hair. The following lists breeds according to coat characteristics: amount of coat hair, coat texture, and coat length.
  
Shedding can be influenced by the following: amount of your dog's hair, the texture, and the hair length
  

Hairless Dog Breeds

  • American Hairless Terrier
  • Chinese Crested
  • Mexican Hairless Dog
  • Peruvian Hairless Dog

Breeds with Only Primary Coat (No Undercoat Hair)

A primary coat, also called a guard coat, is present in some dogs, but they have no undercoat. These dogs can have straight or curly coats, but the coat does not appear dense. Because there is less hair on the dog, there is less shedding than with dogs that have both primary coats and undercoats.

Afghan Hound Italian Greyhound
Australian Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier
Basenji Lowchen
Bedlington Terrier Lhasa Apso
Bichon Frise Maltese
Border Terrier Poodles (all sizes)
Bouvier des Flandres Portuguese Water Dog
Cairn terrier Schnauzer (all sizes)
Coton de Tulear German Shorthaired Pointer
Shih Tzu Greyhound
Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier Havanese
Spanish Water Dog Irish Water Spaniel
Yorkshire Terrier Whippet

Dog Breed Coat Texture



Coat texture influences shedding. Dog breeds with wavy or wiry coats shed less because their hair is caught and held in the coat rather than shed to the floor. These dogs require hand stripping or professional trimming. Dog breeds with smooth coats often have short hair so they appear to shed less than dogs with long hair although technically they may lose the same number of hairs.

Smooth Coated Dog Breeds

  • American Staffordshire Terrier
  • Australian Cattle Dog
  • Basset Hound
  • Beagle
  • Belgian Malinois
  • Bloodhound
  • Border Collie (smooth)
  • Boston Terrier
  • Boxer
  • Bulldog
  • Bull Terrier
  • Chihuahua
  • Collie (smooth coated)
  • Dachshund
  • Dalmatian
  • Doberman Pinscher
  • Foxhound
  • Great Dane
  • Greyhound
  • Labrador Retriever
  • Mastiff
  • Miniature Pinscher
  • Pointer
  • Pug
  • Rhodesian Ridgeback
  • Rottweiler
  • Saluki
  • Smooth Fox Terrier
  • Vizsla
  • Weimaraner
  • Whippet

Wavy or curly coated dog breeds

  • Bichon Frise
  • Bedlington Terrier
  • Chesapeake Bay Retriever
  • Curly-Coated Retriever
  • Irish Water Spaniel
  • Kerry Blue Terrier
  • Komondor
  • Poodle
  • Portuguese Water Dog
  • Wheaton Terrier

Wiry, Harsh, or Hard Coated Dog Breeds

  • Airedale Terrier
  • Australian Terrier
  • Border Terrier
  • Brussels Griffon
  • Cairn Terrier
  • Dandie Dinmont Terrier
  • Dachshund Wire-haired
  • Irish Terrier
  • Lakeland Terrier
  • Norfolk Terrier
  • Otterhound
  • Parson Russell Terrier
  • Scottish Terrier
  • Sealyham Terrier
  • Schnauzer
  • Welsh Terrier
  • West Highland White Terrier
  • Wire Fox terrier

Dog Breed Coat Lengths



The length of the hair is a factor in how much hair appears to have been shed. The shorter the coat, the less hair on the carpet. Dogs with shorter coats are also easier to groom. They may be more sensitive to heat and to cold than dogs with medium or long coats.

Dog Breeds with Short Coat Lengths

  • American Staffordshire Terrier
  • Australian Cattle Dog
  • Basset Hound
  • Beagle
  • Belgian Malinois
  • Bloodhound
  • Boston Terrier
  • Boxer
  • Bulldog
  • Bull Terrier
  • Chihuahua
  • Collie (smooth coated)
  • Dachshund
  • Dalmatian
  • Doberman
  • Foxhound
  • Great Dane
  • Greyhound
  • Mastiff
  • Miniature Pinscher
  • Pointer
  • Pug
  • Rhodesian Ridgeback
  • Rottweiler
  • Saluki
  • Smooth Fox Terrier
  • Vizsla
  • Weimaraner
  • Whippet

Dog Breeds with Medium Coat Lengths

  • Akita
  • Alaskan Malamute
  • Australian Shepherd
  • Border Collie
  • Brittany Spaniel
  • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
  • English Springer Spaniel
  • German Shepherd Dog
  • Great Pyrenees
  • Labrador Retriever
  • Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever
  • Norwegian Elkhound
  • Pembroke Welsh Corgi
  • Saint Bernard
  • Siberian Husky
  • Tibetan Spaniel

Dog Breeds with Long Coats Lengths

  • Afghan Hound
  • Bearded Collie
  • Belgian Tervuren
  • Bernese Mountain Dog
  • Briard
  • Chow Chow
  • Cocker Spaniel
  • Collie
  • English Setter
  • Golden Retriever
  • Havanese
  • Irish Setter
  • Japanese Chin
  • Keeshond
  • Lhasa Apso
  • Maltese
  • Newfoundland
  • Old English Sheepdog
  • Papillion
  • Pekingese
  • Pomeranian
  • Saint Bernard
  • Samoyed
  • Shetland Sheepdog
  • Shih Tzu
  • Silky Terrier
  • Skye Terrier
  • Tibetan Terrier
  • Yorkshire Terrier
  

  

Dog Breed Grooming Requirements


Toy Dog Breeds (10 lbs or less)

Minimal Grooming Weekly Grooming Daily Grooming

Chihuahua
Dachshund
Chinese Crested
Italian Greyhound
Miniature Pinscher
Toy Fox Terrier

Bichon
Brussels Griffon
Havanese
Pomeranian
Poodle Toy

Japanese Chin
Norwich Terrier
Papillon
Pekingese
Silky Terrier
Yorkshire Terrier

 

Small Dog Breeds (10-20 lbs)

Minimal Grooming Weekly Grooming Daily Grooming

Boston Terrier
Dachshund
Fox Terrier
Jack Russell
Pug

Australian Terrier
Bichon
Border Terrier
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
English Toy Spaniel
Lakeland Terrier
Miniature Schnauzer
Norfolk Terrier
Norwich Terrier
Poodle Miniature
Schipperke
Scottish Terrier
Sealyham Terrier
Tibetan Spaniel
Welsh Terrier
West Highland White

Cairn Terrier
Lhasa Apso
Shih Tzu

 

Medium Dog Breeds (20-50 lbs)

Minimal Grooming Weekly Grooming Daily Grooming

Airedale
Australian Cattle Dog
Basenji
Basset Hound
Beagle
French Bulldog
German Pinscher
Harrier
Ibizan
Plott Hound
Saluki
Shiba Inu
Staffordshire Bull Terrier
Whippet

American Eskimo
Cocker Spaniel
Water Spaniel
Australian Shepherd
Bedlington Terrier
Border Collie
Brittany
Dandie Dinmont Terrier
Springer Spaniel
Irish Terrier
Kerry Blue
Nova Scotia Tuck Tolling Retriever
Portuguese Water Dog
Puli
Pyrenean Shepherd
Shar Pei
Skye Terrier
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
Sussex Spaniel
Welsh Springer Spaniel
Welsh Terrier
Welsh Corgi

Bearded Collie
Keeshond
Shetland Sheepdog
Standard Schnauzer
Tibetan Terrier

 

Large Dog Breeds (50-80 lbs)

Minimal Grooming Weekly Grooming Daily Grooming

Airedale
American Foxhound
Boxer
Bull Terrier
Bulldog
Chesapeake Bay Retriever
Curly Coated Retriever
Dalmatian
Doberman Pinscher
English Foxhound
German Shorthaired Pointer
Greyhound
Pointer
Redbone Coonhound
Saluki
Vizsla
Weimaraner

Belgian Malinois
Belgian Tervuren
Black & Tan Coonhound
Briard
Chow Chow
Clumber Spaniel
English Setter
Flat coated Retriever
German Shepherd Dog
German Wirehaired Pointer
Giant Schnauzer
Golden Retriever
Gordon Setter
Irish Water Spaniel
Labrador Retriever
Norwegian Elkhound
Poodle
Siberian Husky
Wirehaired Pointing Griffon

Afghan
Collie
Irish Setter
Keeshond
Old English Sheepdog
Samoyed

 

 

Giant Dog Breeds (80+ lbs)

Minimal Grooming Weekly Grooming

Bulldog
Beauceron
Bloodhound
Bullmastiff
Doberman Pinscher
Great Dane
Komondor
Mastiff
Neapolitan Mastiff
Rhodesian Ridgeback
Rottweiler

Akita
Alaskan Malamute
Borzoi
Bouvier Des Flanders
Great Pyrenees
Greater Swiss Mountain Dog
Irish Wolfhound
Kuvasz
Newfoundland
Otterhound
Saint Bernard
Scottish Deerhound

  
 
 
   
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